This treatment method is typically used for varicose veins.
In sclerotheraphy, the damaged vein is injected with a chemical that causes it become unable to carry blood. As a result, blood will go back to the heart through another vein and the damaged vein will atrophy.
Sclerotherapy is used for targeting small to medium-sized veins. The procedure takes only 10-15 minutes to perform and has minimal downtime. It is also less invasive compared to vein surgery.
The sclerosant solution also shrinks the feeder veins under the skin, preventing re-occurrence of spider veins. You may be required to wear stockings for at least two weeks after the treatment to encourage healing. For significant results, you need multiple treatments spaced by several weeks.
Superficial Vein Thrombophlebitis
SVT may lead to a serious complication called “pulmonary embolism” because a blood clot in the extremities can travel to the lungs. This happens when the blood clot migrates from superficial veins to deeper veins.
The main objective of SVT treatment is to diminish inflammation and prevent SVT from extending from its original place. Treatment may include physical activity, compression, medications, and surgery.
Different compression bandages are used to manage different cases of SVT. These include adhesive short stretch bandages, fixed compression bandages, and graduated elastic compression stockings. Compression apply pressure on the swollen site to discourage further fluid accumulation.
Individuals with SVT are encouraged to become more physically active. Inactivity or sitting or standing for extended periods promotes fluid accumulation and cause the SVT to elongate, increasing risk clinical complications.
Medications prescribed for SVT patients include NSAIDs (except aspirin), anticoagulants, corticosteroids, and antibiotics.
Anticoagculants are medications that prevent blood clots. They are usually given to individuals at high risk of developing blood clots.
High risk SVT patients may be prescribed with novel oral coagulants or vitamin K antagonists for 3 months. Intermediate cases are usually treated using fondarinux, which is to be taken for 45 days at 2.5 mg daily. Low molecular weight heparin is also a standard medication for intermediate SVTs.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, in oral or topical form, are used to relieve SVT symptoms. Randomized trials also showed that NSAIDs can help prevent extension and reoccurrence of SVT.
Surgical interventions aims to relieve mild to complicated SVTs. It normally involves ligation or stripping of the damaged vein.
Anticoagulation Therapy and Physical Activity
DVT patients are prescribed with anticoagulants to prevent further coagulation. But before that, they will have to be tested for protein deficiencies and other disorders that can contradict with the medicines.
Physical activity is also encouraged unless clinically difficult. Blood flow is increased during physical activity, preventing stagnation and formation of blood clots.
An enzyme which breaks up blood clots is introduced into the body or injected directly to the damaged vein in thrombolysis. This method is believed to reduce risk of post-thrombotic syndrome and leg ulcers. However, it minimally increases risk of bleeding.
Anticoagulants are more preferred over thrombolysis. But patients may opt for the latter if the risk of post-thrombotic syndrome is higher than risk of bleeding, and cost, and complexity of the procedure.
Diet and Lifestyle Changes
As soon as you are diagnosed with any vein disease, it is important to make dietary changes immediately. Seek the advice of a licensed dietician to come up with a meal plan that suits your overall health, particularly if you have other health conditions.
Smoking, drinking, and unsupervised drug use should be prevented.
Elevating your legs once in a while can also assist blood movement towards the upper part of the body.
The support of family and friends are also vital in the treatment of vein disease.